Karnataka Unveils New Industrial Policy With Aim To Attract ₹5-lakh-cr Investment, Create 20 Lakh Jobs, Promote Tier-2/3 Cities As Growth Engines
The B.S Yedyurappa-led BJP government in Karnataka unveiled the state’s new industrial policy (2020-25) this week.
The policy offers a slew of production linked incentives and concessions with an aim to create attract investments worth ₹5 lakh crore, create 20 lakh jobs, promote tier-2 and tier-3 cities as new engines of economic growth and maintain an industrial growth rate of 10 per cent per annum.
Addressing the media after the state cabinet approved the policy, Jagadish Shettar, Minister for Medium and Large Industries informed reporters that the new Industrial Policy 2020-25 seeks to achieve holistic development of the State and looks beyond Bengaluru with an aim to catapult tier-2 and -3 cities as engines of economic growth.
"The policy, which will introduce significant fiscal, labour, and land reforms will focus on facilitating investments to the state by providing fresh incentives and easing regulatory processes.", a press release said.
Key Highlights Of The Policy
1 Beyond Bengaluru Approach - The Policy has grouped districts of the State into three Zones, with a view to incentivise investments in the industrially backward districts. Industrially backward districts are classified in Zone-1 & 2 and Bengaluru Urban and Rural districts are classified in Zone-3. Industrially backward districts will get more incentives to attract investments so as to ensure balanced industrial development of the State.
2. Sector Focus - The Policy has identified certain Focus sectors: Automobiles & Auto components, Pharmaceutical & Medical Devices, Engineering and Machine Tools, Knowledge-based industries, Logistics, Renewable Energy, Aerospace & Defence and Electric Vehicles.
3. Creation Of Special Investment Regions in Dharwad And Shivamogga - Enacting new Special Investment Region (SIR) Act to establish, develop, operate and regulate the SIRs in the State, which would be notified areas with an area of more than 100 Sq.Kms and deemed to be Industrial Township. It is proposed to notify the 1st SIR-Dharwad SIR encompassing Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri and Belagavi Districts.Another SIRs will also be notified in Shivamogga encompassing Shivamogga, Davanagere, Chitradurga and Chickamagaluru Districts & Kalaburagi encompassing the Kalyana Karnataka Districts.
4. Subsidy To MSME based on turnover- In a policy innovation, Karnataka will now be offering production turnover based incentive system instead of tax-based incentives to encourage production based performance.
Investment promotion subsidy to Micro and Small Enterprises will be based on the turnover – 10 per cent on turnover in each year for a period of five years and limited to 20-30 percent of VFA ( Value of fixed assets) will be offered.
The Policy also offers the following sops to MSMES
Exemption from stamp duty and concessional registration charges;
Reimbursement of land conversion fee;
Exemption from tax on electricity tariff for MSMEs;
Power subsidy for micro and small enterprises;
5. Focus on job creation for locals - The new policy emphasis the need for fresh industrial investment projects to create maximum possible direct employment opportunities with a minimum employment of 70% to Kannadigas on an overall basis and 100% in case of Group D employees.
6. Slew of labour reforms- Under the new industrial policy, a slew of labour reforms have been proposed (many of which have already been implemented in the last 2 months)
An amendment has been made under the Factories Act, 1948 to allow women workers, who come forward to work during night shifts, i.e., between 7PM to 6AM in the factories registered.
Section 64 & 65 of the Factories Act, 1948 is being amended to allow overtime working hours to be extended to 125 hours per quarter.
Industrial Employment (Standing Order) Act, 1946 has been amended to permit Fixed Term Employment (FTE) / Contract Employment. The Rules have been notified on 30/06/2020.
Periodicity of revision of minimum wages will be fixed under the Minimum Wages Act and also shall be linked to factors like inflation and consumer price index (CPI).
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