The other day, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal made eminently sensible statements on how to deal with the Covid-19 pandemic (see YouTube video here). Apart from avoiding any anti-Centre rhetoric, he made two very good points.
One, we have to assume Covid-19 is not going to go away any time soon; this implies that we should operate on the principle that we have to keep ramping up our healthcare preparedness for a long time, until a vaccine or cure is found.
Secondly, the strategy of designating large areas as red, orange and green makes little sense.
Instead, we must focus on narrower containment zones, if necessary with even greater movement conditions. This implies that other areas must be allowed to go about their businesses as normally as they can even while following basic safety precautions (physical distancing, masks in public, washing hands, etc).
It is the states and municipal and local bodies that must be at the forefront of decision-making on dealing with Covid-19, not the Centre.
The case of Bengaluru city serves as an example of the difference it makes when decisions are taken in Delhi rather than at the state or municipal headquarters.
In the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs two days ago, three whole districts (Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural and Mysuru) were designated as red zones, with maximum lockdown rigour. But the actual restrictions decided by the local authorities in Bengaluru (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike) involved tight restrictions on 21 containment zones in 21 wards of the city.
This leaves 90 per cent of the city free to move about in personal vehicles between 7 am and 7 pm, and offices allowed to reopen with 33 per cent of normal strength. The need for curfew passes has been done away with, and a personal identity document is enough to get you through police barricades.
The central order would have shut down Karnataka’s financial and business hub, which is also India’s Silicon Valley; the local level decision is eminently sensible and defensible.
In Kejriwal’s case, the whole of Delhi is a red zone, which is not at all correct for India’s buzzing national capital. You can’t freeze an entire city when all the Covid-19 cases are concentrated in a few narrow areas.
The obvious conclusions that follow are worth repeating.
One, the Centre must focus on deciding protocols and disseminating best practices, both on the health and economic fronts.
Two, the actual zoning and lockdown decisions must shift to the state, municipal and district authorities.
Three, the average Indian district is too big to be seen as one zone for Covid-19 restrictions or relaxations. The village and tehsil constitute far better units for containment and opening up. In cities, it could be wards or even portions of wards or even just buildings or building complexes.
Four, the Centre’s main job is financial. It has to enable economic activity to restart by first devolving resources to states, then delivering relief packages to the sectors that will best utilise them, and focus on reforms that will enable global supply chains to shift from China to India.
Dilli door ast, and it is best if it remains so.
As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake.
Our business model is you and your subscription. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever.
We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right.
Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 1200/year is the best way you can support our efforts.