The Ministry of Science and Technology has launched a compilation of ongoing research activities in the country related to hydrogen being carried out by several scientists, industry, utilities, and other stakeholders from R&D laboratories and academia.
The compilation titled 'India Country Status Report on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells' was launched by Secretary, department of science and technology Professor Ashutosh Sharma.
The report is an outcome of a brainstorming discussions and presentations on various issues for developing programmes and strategies to accelerate the ushering in of hydrogen economy as part of India’s commitment as a participating country in 'Mission Innovation Renewable and Clean Hydrogen Challenge', a statement by Science and Technology Ministry said on Wednesday (14 October).
According to the report, several institutions in India including the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), CSIR, ONGC Energy Centre, IITs and NITs are conducting research and development on production, storage and transport of Hydrogen as well as fuel cells.
While there are several pathways for decarbonisation varying in time frames, Hydrogen produced from renewables is considered as the cleanest energy source, the ministry said.
Hydrogen as an energy source will play a key role in transforming climate-neutral systems over the next few decades, it added.
Hydrogen can help tackle various critical energy challenges, decarbonise a range of sectors including intensive and long-haul transport, chemicals, and iron and steel, where it is proving difficult to meaningfully reduce emissions and also help improve air quality and strengthen energy security.
In addition, Hydrogen increases flexibility in power systems. It is one of the best options for storing energy from renewables and looks poised to become the lowest-cost option for storing large quantities of electricity over days, weeks, or even months, the ministry said.
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