The United States Federal Reserve, in its latest report on India’s Goods and Services Tax (GST), has concluded that the simplification of the current existing multilayered federal tax structure will lead to surge in manufacturing output, thereby driving a growth of 4.2 per cent in India’s GDP. The report also concluded that the GST will be an inclusive policy and will raise the overall welfare by 5.3 percent in India.
How will the GST raise welfare?
According to the analysts, the GST will eliminate domestic and international trade barriers. This will provide consumers access to cheaper products, in turn increasing welfare. While states such as Tamil Nadu and West Bengal will see a rise of 12 to 16 per cent, other states such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar will benefit from 2 to 3 per cent rise in welfare.
The map below represents the change in welfare. It is evident from the map that the level of welfare will rise in all Indian states, making the policy inclusive.
How will the GST raise GDP?
As discussed above, the GST will eliminate trade barriers, improving internal trade by almost 29 per cent. The GST, according to this analysis, will also increase the competitiveness of Indian companies, increasing India’s external trade by over 32 per cent. Increase trade, both internal and external, will deliver a 14 per cent growth in manufacturing.
However, the GST will have a very limited impact on agriculture production because most agricultural goods would remain exempt from the GST.
The report has been prepared by Eva Van Leemput, an Economist at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, and Ellen A Wiencek, Research Assistant at Federal Reserve Board.
As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake.
Our business model is you and your subscription. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever.
We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right.
Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts.