World’s Largest IPO: Saudi Oil Giant Aramco Releases Preliminary IPO Prospectus 
World’s Largest IPO: Saudi Oil Giant Aramco Releases Preliminary IPO Prospectus An Oil Refinery (Pic Via Twitter)

Saudi Arabia has moved a step closer towards listing its national oil giant Aramco on its domestic exchange by releasing the preliminary prospectus for what is slated to be the world's largest initial public offering (IPO).

However, the energy giant indicated on Saturday (9 November) that it won't disclose how much it plans to sell of the company or raise from the offering until early December, depending on ultimate investor demand, Efe news reported.

After months of uncertainty about how much Aramco intends to list, the more than 600-page prospectus provides additional information about the company's operations.

The Kingdom's government aims to show investors why it believes the Saudi Arabian Oil Co., known as Aramco, should be valued above its oil and gas peers.

Still key details that investors are focused on were missing. The company reiterated plans to pay out an annual dividend of at least $75 billion starting in 2020 and signalled that increases as well as special dividends could follow over time.

The hefty dividend is expected to attract both domestic and international investors who place a premium on investments that generate steady income. However, without knowing the valuation that Aramco is targeting from the IPO, it is difficult for investors to accurately compare the dividend yield of the state-owned energy company with its publicly traded rivals such as Exxon Mobil Corp. among others.

It isn't uncommon for companies to withhold the targeted amount of shares to be sold and the valuation range for an IPO in an initial prospectus if demand for the offering is unclear. The Aramco IPO is among the most closely watched offerings in recent years because of its size and its intended role in raising funding to help the country diversify its economy.

In the prospectus, Aramco indicated that it would determine the IPO pricing and the percentage of the company to be sold in the offering at the end of the book-building period. That runs from November 17 to December 4, during which time institutional investors will be expected to submit orders. Individual investors have until Nov. 28 to submit a request for shares, according to the prospectus.

Aramco and its advisers will use this marketing period to determine the offering's price and issue size based on demand ahead of the company's planned listing on the local Tadawul stock exchange.

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has put the firm's value at $2 trillion. But bankers working on the deal have said Aramco's valuation is between $1.3 trillion and $1.7 trillion.

In an online roadshow presentation last week, Aramco said the oil giant is worth $1.5 trillion at an oil price of $45 a barrel; $1.76 trillion at $65; and $2.1 trillion at $75.

The prospectus issued on Saturday also highlighted the risks to investing in Aramco. Most concerning for investors was likely to be the relationship between Aramco and the government, led by the Crown Prince.

The economy is powered by the oil that Aramco sells, and although the Saudi leader wants to use the proceeds of the listing to invest in new non-oil industries, he may still need to tap the firm for dividends.

Other risks listed range from the fallout of climate change on the demand and price of oil to the potential disruption of Aramco oil production to terrorist attacks and other forms of armed conflict.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)

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