Representative image of Indian women waiting to vote at a polling station in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. (Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)
Snapshot
  • Equip yourself with key electoral and political data from Rajasthan on election day.

Rajasthan is voting today (7 December) along with Telangana. Let’s look at a few data points to help make sense of the electoral dynamics in the state.

1. Seats

Assembly elections in Rajasthan have always featured a tough contest between the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Congress. In the state’s political past, people have always voted out the incumbent government since 1993. The BJP recorded its best performance in 2013, bagging 163 seats, while its worst performance came in 1998 when it could manage only 33 seats.

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Similarly, the Congress party’s best performance came in 1998 when it won 153 seats. Its worst performance, on the other hand, came in the last election when it secured only 21 seats.

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has failed to emerge as a potent third force in the state. The influence of others and independents is gradually declining in state politics.

Source: IndiaVotes Source: IndiaVotes

2. Vote Share

The BJP, Congress, and BSP have gained vote share in the state at the expense of independents and regional parties. The vote share of the two parties has oscillated – the BJP has gained vote share when the Congress was the incumbent and vice versa. The BSP’s vote share has stayed in the range of 4-7 per cent.

Source: IndiaVotes Source: IndiaVotes

3. Caste Dynamics

Caste often plays an important role in Indian politics. People often find a connect with their community’s candidates, which usually affects their voting pattern. In Rajasthan, Scheduled Castes and Tribes account for 31 per cent, upper castes 19 per cent, Jats 12 per cent, and Other Backward Class (OBC) 18 per cent of the population. The minority community doesn’t have a significant representation in the state.

             Source: CSDS Reports Source: CSDS Reports

4. Caste-wise Voting

The OBC and upper-caste voters are traditional supporters of the BJP in Rajasthan. The SC, ST voters support the BJP and Congress alternatively. The BSP has some support among the SC community. The Congress maintains its lead among the Muslim community. Jats, traditional supporters of the Congress, have shifted their allegiance to the BJP over the years.

Source: IndiaVotes Source: IndiaVotes

5. Reserved Seats

Rajasthan has 58 reserved seats – ST (25) and SC (33). The tally of both parties among the reserved seats changes in accordance with the results in the election. The BSP has just won one reserved seat all these years. These seats change hands every election, just like the state throws a different winner each election.

Source: IndiaVotes Source: IndiaVotes

6. Victory Margins

Victory margins indicate the level of toughness of the elections. Nine of the 230 seats (15 per cent) have witnessed a very close contest. The BJP has won more than half of these close contests. On 148 seats, the candidates won handsomely by over 10,000 votes, which indicates the one-sided nature of elections in 2013. The average margin of BJP candidates was higher than the overall margin of 14,151 votes.

Source: IndiaVotes Source: IndiaVotes

7. Regions

Rajasthan is divided into six regions for electoral analysis purposes – north, west, central, Matsya, south, and Haroti, according to the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. Of the 200 seats, the west has the highest share while Haroti accounts for the lowest.

Source: CSDS Reports                                              Source: CSDS Reports

8. Turnout

Election turnout plays an important role in determining the outcomes. The north, south, and Haroti regions recorded a higher turnout than the state average in 2013. The BJP swept the southern and Haroti regions in that election.

Source: CSDS Reports Source: CSDS Reports

9. Regional Vote Share

The BJP recorded a higher vote share compared to the Congress across regions in 2013. If the Congress would have contested the polls together with the BSP, it would have been ahead of the BJP only in the Matsya region (-0.80 per cent).

In 2008, Congress was ahead, abiding by the alternating pattern, across most of the regions. The western and Matsya regions are strongholds of the BJP as the party was leading the Congress there even in 2008, when it lost. It posed a stiff challenge to the Congress even in the western region.

Source: CSDS Reports Source: CSDS Reports

10. None Of The Above

The ‘none of the above’ or NOTA option also plays a key role in electoral results. The southern region recorded the highest NOTA numbers while the north saw the lowest.

11. Urban-Rural Voting Preference

The BJP was ahead of the Congress in urban areas in both 2008 and 2013. In rural areas, while th Congress was ahead of the BJP in 2008, the BJP came out ahead in 2013 in line with the overall trend. Twenty-five seats are urban while 175 are rural.

12. Raje Vs Modi Factor

In Rajasthan, the Modi factor is very strong. Where across India 27 per cent people supported Narendra Modi in 2014, in Rajasthan, the corresponding number was 42 per cent.

13. Poll Of Polls

According to the poll of polls, the Congress is expected to get 122 seats while the BJP seems set for 68.

14. Issues In 2018

According to the India Today-PSE survey, cleanliness, agriculture, unemployment, drinking water, price rise, and the condition of roads are the main issues in Rajasthan state elections.

Source: India Today-PSE survey Source: India Today-PSE survey

15. Description Of Regions

Rajasthan has 33 districts and six regions, detailed below:

Source: CSDS Reports Source: CSDS Reports

16. SC-ST Population Greater Than 20 Per Cent

Seats with greater than 20 per cent SC-ST population follow the electoral trend.

Source: CSDS Reports                                    Source: CSDS Reports

A cracker of an election on the cards!

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