Reservations: The Inclusionary RSS View Vs The Hate-Driven, Exclusionary View Of The Dravidianists
The third all-India head of the RSS, Madhukar Dattatreya Deoras, saw reservations as a tool that removed the alienation felt by many non-'upper-caste' communities with respect to India's modern, national institutions.
The Dravidianists, on the other hand, view reservations as an instrument of revenge and hatred against Brahmins.
The opposition to the Supreme Court's judgement upholding quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) by Dravidianist and other pseudo-Ambedkarite forces is nothing but hate politics.
This has a precedence too.
It is similar to the opposition the so-called upper castes indulged in when the Mandal Commission recommendations were implemented.
In the midst of the hysterical opposition though, there was a voice of reason in the contemporary Indian political landscape. Even though at that time the so-called upper castes were seen as the natural support base of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and cadre base of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), the RSS supported Mandal Commission.
This irritated many 'upper-castes'.
But Madhukar Dattatreya Deoras, the third all-India head of the RSS, explained an important aspect of reservation that many, particularly its opponents, have missed.
The RSS View Of Reservations
Reservation removed the alienation that was felt by many non-'upper-caste' communities with respect to India's modern, national institutions.
Most such communities felt that the civil services and central agencies were the domain of the 'upper castes'.
Deoras believed that such an alienation would result in a death blow to national institutions of the Indian state.
That would make anti-Indian forces co-opt many communities into their project of 'breaking India'.
When political observers and English-speaking intellectuals were seeing a dichotomy between Mandal and kamandal (reservation for OBCs and Ram Janmabhoomi movement) Balasaheb Deoras was convinced that this would help Hindu consolidation in the long run.
The vision and values of Narendra Modi come from the same universe as that of Madhukar Dattatrerya Deoras. And that is Hindutva.
At the basis of this is a deeper and holistic understanding of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar.
The Ambedkar View Of Reservations
Dr Ambedkar saw the problem of majority-minority categories from a purely secular point of view.
In secular framework, minorities are the socially deprived and marginalised ones — in political, economic and cultural power structures. He stressed that the very perpetuation of such minorities is not healthy.
Hence, the minorities should be protected and they should be given extra instruments for integration with the majority.
Here, Dr Ambedkar provides a coda to see beyond numerical majority-minority and asks us as a nation to homogenise — not losing our individuality but removing the fault lines.
In this country both the minorities and the majorities have followed a wrong path. It is wrong for the majority to deny the existence of minorities. It is equally wrong for the minorities to perpetuate themselves. A solution must be found which will serve a double purpose.
It must recognize the existence of the minorities to start with. It must also be such that it will enable majorities and minorities to merge someday into one. The solution proposed by the Constituent Assembly is to be welcomed because it is a solution which serves this twofold purpose.
To diehards who have developed a kind of fanaticism against minority protection I would like to say two things. One is that minorities are an explosive force which, if it erupts, can blow up the whole fabric of the State. ... (Second) They (the minorities) have loyally accepted the rule of the majority which is basically a communal majority and not a political majority. It is for the majority to realize its duty not to discriminate against minorities. Whether the minorities will continue or will vanish must depend upon this habit of the majority. The moment the majority loses the habit of discriminating against the minority, the minorities can have no ground to exist. They will vanish.
One should again remember here that Dr Ambedkar is talking about not religious expansionist forces as minorities but the social minorities.
In fact, the words "minorities are an explosive force which, if it erupts, can blow up the whole fabric of the State" formed the exact argument of Balasaheb Deoras.
From these, one thing should be clear.
The aim of reservation is to enable the existing social minorities to merge with the majority and not create new victim minorities.
But reservations alone cannot do that. Reservation enables the social minorities to gather political and economic power. They are the essential first steps. The final integration is cultural and spiritual.
That is the integration of social minorities through Hindutva. Narendra Modi is one political leader who understands this deep mission of reservations.
Reservations In Independent India
Unfortunately, this sacred instrument of Hindu integration that is reservation has been misused by Dravidianist forces. They have used it as an instrument of revenge and hatred against Brahmins, whom they see as the 'other' — like the 'Jew' of the Nazi worldview.
Identity politics and vote-bank politics of the Nehruvian perversion also fed into this. The result has been a reservation programme that has further deepened fault lines between communities rather than harmonising them.
The 10 per cent reservation of EWS is a step in the right direction. It will make reservation again an instrument of social harmony as well as justice.
It will not create another victimised minority but will make it possible for the emotional integration of social minority communities.
The fanatical 'trad-idiotic' anti-reservationists will begin to see the importance of reservation now.
For EVR (E V Ramasamy, Periyar) and all his Dravidianists, reservation is not an instrument of social justice and a mandatory tool for social unity. To them it is the tool of hatred against Brahmins.
But for Dr Ambedkar, Sri Deoras and Prime Minister Modi, reservations are a tool to remove the social fault lines so that social minorities — the creation of discrimination and marginalisation — would be enabled to merge with the larger Hindu society.
So the latter would accept and enable 10 per cent reservation for EWS of the society while the former would oppose it.
As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake.
Our business model is you and your subscription. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever.
We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right.
Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 1200/year is the best way you can support our efforts.