In a recent development, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has voiced its opposition to a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Delhi High Court that called for the implementation of a uniform education system up to Class 12.
The CBSE's Argument:
The CBSE firmly argued that education falls within the purview of state governments, emphasizing that it is the responsibility of state authorities to determine syllabi, curricula, and examination systems for schools under their jurisdiction.
Additionally, the CBSE stressed the significance of incorporating local context, culture, and language into the educational framework. They underlined that a curriculum aligned with a child's life outside of school is essential for effective learning.
The board believes that while a common core is important, maintaining a variety of curricula and educational resources is desirable to cater to the diverse needs of students.
The Petitioner's Argument:
The petitioner contended that the different syllabi and curricula followed by educational boards like CBSE, ICSE, and state boards create disparities and do not provide equal opportunities for students.
He argued that this approach goes against the spirit of the Constitution.
He suggested the establishment of a standardized entrance system for college and university admissions to ensure that all students have equal chances.
Furthermore, he emphasized that the right to education should be uniform and of the same standard for all children, regardless of their socioeconomic backgrounds.
The Educational Framework:
The development of textbooks and curriculum is guided by the National Education Policy and the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) formulated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
The NCERT, in collaboration with the CBSE, is responsible for creating guidelines, curricula, syllabi, textbooks, and supplementary materials for schools across the country.
State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs) and State Education Boards either adopt or adapt the NCERT's model syllabi and textbooks or develop their own based on the NCF.
Nayan Dwivedi is Staff Writer at Swarajya.
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