The Karnataka government recently did away with 4 per cent reservation for Muslims in the state coming from their 2B classification under Other Backward Classes (OBC) category.
Now, prominent Muslim organisation Jamiat Ulema-i-Hind has said it will challenge the decision in court.
The president of the body, Maulana Mahmood Madani, has called the move a "grave injustice meted out to Muslims."
He believes "no community deserves reservation more than the Muslims."
The Congress, meanwhile, has said it will restore the quota for the Muslim community in the event of the party coming to power in the state.
Assembly elections in Karnataka are due by May 2023.
On 24 March, the Karnataka state cabinet decided to split equally the 4 per cent reservation previously accorded to Muslims between Vokkaligas and Veerashaiva-Lingayats.
The two new entrants to this quota will get 2 per cent reservation each in jobs and admissions in educational institutions.
Therefore, the quantum of reservation went up for Vokkaligas (2C category) from 4 per cent to 6 per cent, and for Lingayats (2D category) from 5 per cent to 7 per cent.
The cabinet also decided that the Muslim community in the state will be able to avail of benefits under the 10 per cent quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS), which is decided based on family income.
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